International World Water Day is celebrated every year on 22 March since 1993 to bring global attention to
the importance of water and sanitation. As designated by the United Nations General Assembly, the aims
of World Water Day are to advocate for sustainable management of water resources.
This year‟s theme is „Water and Urbanisation‟ reflecting the importance of water to ever-growing urban
populations around the world. This topic is timely, as the global urban population increases. Worldwide, five
million city residents are joining urban populations each month.
In Asia, the urban population will double between 2000 and 2030. At the same time, challenges exist to
provide basic services; 493 million people share sanitation facilities and 27% have piped water access to
their home. Simultaneously, cities can also be places of opportunity, where innovation, employment and
wealth may be generated.
The rate of growth represented by expanding slums poses huge challenges both in the provision and
urgency of provision of infrastructure.